These resources cover the entirety of Romans 10. I’ll try to break-out text of particular interest to each week’s study verses in the appropriate posts, as well.
1. 10:4. What two meanings can be used of the Greek word translated end, referring to Christ as “the end” of the law? Which is more probable? Why?
2. 10:6–8. In the passage Paul paraphrases from Deut 30:12–14, what does Moses contend regarding the responsibility of Israel? In the spirit of Moses, what does Paul insist on? Why cannot Israel plead ignorance of the gospel?
3. 10:14–17. What is Paul stressing in these verses? In the passages excerpted from Isaiah, what does the prophet foresee? Why is Paul careful to say that not all in Israel have rejected Jesus as Messiah?
4. 10:20–21. What is Paul trying to demonstrate from Scripture here? Using two sequential passages from Isaiah, what stark contrast is Paul drawing?
1. 10:2. What is “zeal for God”? What is the difference between zeal and fanaticism? How would you characterize your own zeal for God? What are some good examples among people you know of a properly directed zeal?
2. 10:9–10. What does verbal–that is, audible and public–confession of Jesus as Lord do for salvation that mere faith in the heart might not do? Why confess Jesus verbally?
3. 10:14–15. How would you answer someone who objected to Christian missionary outreaches to primitive tribes on the grounds that the Christian faith is alien to and destructive of their cultures and that their native religion is more appropriate to them? How would you apply Mt 28:18–20 here?
4. 10:17. How does Paul say we come to faith? How does this verse change the popular notion that “seeing is believing”?